We have to remember that colour is not a natural phenomenon that follows a set of rules like gravity. Colour is highly variable depending on the amount of light and the colours of objects adjacent. A car may appear to be red in colour during the day, yet will appear black at night time. The actual colour of the car is called its Local Colour, whereas the colour we see, which is constantly changing is referred to as the Perceived Colour.
Most artists will tend to paint perceived colours, rather than local colours which is fine, but what about feelings and emotions. What if we were to use colour in the way we feel it to be right. Think of Monet’s Rouen Cathedral paintings or Matisse’s Fauve paintings.
Try this idea, take the perceived colours of a scene and create a colour plan for your painting based on that. Now lets make some adjustments, but before we do we need to understand the following colour terms.
- Value – is a measurement of the brightness of a colour. The brighter the colour the higher its value. A vivid yellow is brighter than dark blue therefore its value is higher.
- Saturation – can also be called a colour’s intensity. It is a measurement of how different from pure grey the colour is. Saturation is not just a matter of light and dark, but rather how pale or strong the colour is.
Just think for a moment that a high value, high saturation red is quite different from a low value, low saturation red. When you also add to this idea that a colour’s transparency may vary depending on the medium used, a whole world of possibilities opens up.
Imagine tweaking your colour plan by varying the value, saturation and even the transparency of your colours. Experiment with taking the same scene and painting a number of versions adjusting your your colour schemes as described. Suddenly, you’ll find that the same scene/painting can take on a very different emotional feel, because you have given thought to how you have used colour.
This painting tutorial explains a number of colour plans used by great artists in their paintings, why not check it out? Colour Ideas for Painting
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